A Piezo Scaler is an ultrasonic dental instrument used to remove hard calculus (tartar) buildup above and below the gum line, debride deep pockets of bacterial plaque, disrupt harmful bacterial biofilms, and remove stubborn stains from the surface of teeth. It has become an integral tool in the treatment of periodontal disease.
Optimal Dental Cleaning with Minimal Damage to Roots
This ultrasonic system consists of a wand with small scaling tips that combines with a water spray to achieve optimal dental cleaning with minimal-to-no damage to tooth roots. The specially designed tips can reach further into periodontal pockets than manual instruments and are more effective and thorough at cleaning difficult nooks and crannies like furcations, (areas where roots join each other in multi-rooted teeth). Many patients say this method of cleaning their teeth is more comfortable than traditional hand scaling and root planning techniques.
How Does It Work?
The high-frequency tip of the Piezo Ultrasonic scaler vibrates, which produces twenty to thirty thousand sound waves per second, and emits a high-pitched tone.
A water jet is used along with the vibrating tip and when the sound waves combine with the water, the water molecules are blasted apart, releasing oxygen molecules into the area. Since the bacteria that cause gum disease are anaerobic, meaning they cannot exist in the presence of oxygen, they are destroyed by this therapeutic effect of oxygenation.
Bubbles in the Fluid
Also, the high-frequency sound waves create bubbles in the fluid. When the bubbles contact a surface, they collapse and release energy sufficient enough to destroy cell membranes of the bacteria frequently implicated with periodontal disease. This makes the ultrasonic spray at the site of the pathogens lethal, so healing of the affected tissues can be initiated.
In addition, the rapid vibration of the scaler tips effectively and thoroughly pulverizes the toughest calculus, flushes out debris, and removes stains from the tooth surface. The therapeutic washing irrigates and flushes out periodontal pockets and root surfaces with cool water.